gender analysis of credit market behaviour in the Cote D"Ivoire during structural adjustment

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Gender Studies MCQS Structural Adjustment’ Programmes ‘Structural adjustment’ programmes require that _____ (a) Governments of poor countries should adopt privatization and other ‘liberalizing’ measures.

(b) Governments of poor countries should knock down all ugly or dilapidated buildings. (c) States with weak economies should redistribute more resources to the poor. Abstract. Based on a broad body of literature that investigates the determinants of gender discrimination in the credit market, we provide some descriptive evidence on women’s access to credit by employing a set of financial viability and socio-economic data for a sample of 11 European countries after the global financial crisis (–).Cited by: 1.

Janu A blog post by Val Srinivas, banking & capital markets research leader, Deloitte Center for Financial Services. There is considerable research on gender differences in financial decision making.

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A number of studies conclude that women, on average, are less risk-seeking than men. 1 Meanwhile, the purchasing power of women in the global economy is increasing : Val Srinivas. publications emphasized the inequitable gender-based differences, i.e., the gen-der dimension, in the negative impact of structural adjustment programs on the poor.

Countries were seen to be implementing structural adjustment programs but with the human and social cost of extra work and pressure on women within the poorest groups.

If an individual's gender impedes their ability to fully participate in the economic adjustment process by inhibiting resource access, control or movement adjustment will be impaired. This paper discusses the potential gender dimensions of structural adjustment policies and examines the evidence to by:   Traditionally, female entrepreneurs report either difficulties or higher costs in accessing bank credit.

These problems can be gender analysis of credit market behaviour in the Cote DIvoire during structural adjustment book the result of supply-side discrimination, or differences in profitability between female- and male-owned firms.

This paper aims at analysing whether these differences are statistically significant in the case of Italian firms by means of a large dataset on lines. (3) rely less on bank credit and more on alternative sources of finance, such as trade credit, in the financing of the operations of their firm; and (4) are offered inferior terms on granted loans.

Establishing a causal link from gender bias to credit market outcomes is at the heart of our paper. One of the main trends in the literature is the stereotypical view that women avoid risky situations more than men.

A review of the evidence on gender differences in attitudes to risk shows as. The World Bank and IMF Policies in Cote d’Ivoire: Impact on Child Labour in the Cocoa Industry, an article of the International Labour Rights Fund, full text available at As adjustment programs give greater emphasis to structural aspects, particularly in the fiscal area, the possible trade-off between the quality and the quantity of fiscal adjustment becomes an issue.

8 The approach followed by the IMF when discussing adjustment programs with member countries is to estimate the reduction in the fiscal deficit. increases the scope for the analysis of gender issues in relation to FSR and, possibly, the introduction of measures to redress gender bias. Future research agenda There is a need for more systematic collection and analysis of data comparing borrowing, savings and investment behaviour of men and women in different sectors.

The analysis is based on a statistically relevant sampling of data from Experian's consumer and commercial credit database from November The sample was based on. The Regional Program on Enterprise Development (RPED) survey of the manufacturing sector in the first half of the 90s, which is the subject of detailed analyses in the subsequent sections, was an attempt to study the impact of the latest structural adjustment programs implemented in seven sub-Saharan countries namely, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire.

consider gender seriously. While womenÕs groups have, during the Beijing conference and in di•erent national settings, expressed consid-erable concern about the implications of structural adjustment reforms for women, this has generally been targeted to agencies or governments generally, not to Finance Minis-tries specifically (for example.

Free Markets and the Marriage Market: Structural Adjustment, Gender Relations, and Working Conditions among Dominican Women Workers Show all authors. H I Safa. H I Safa. Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, PO BoxGainesville, FLUSA.

The aggregate evidence shows that during the s, the decade of structural adjustment in much of the continent, growth slowed and agricultural output failed to keep pace with population growth. learning theory, the socialization agents and other social structural variables are instrumental in shaping an individual's attitudes and behaviors (McLeod and O'Keefe )7 The socialization agents transmit norms, attitudes, and behaviors to the individual and socialization is assumed to take place during.

History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Very little is known about the early history of Côte d'Ivoire. As early as 1 C.E., the area now called Côte d'Ivoire had become a melding place of various African n the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries, as kingdoms rose and fell, many ethnic groups moved in and settled permanently in the region.

This study will contribute to the extensive literature on gender and entrepreneurship. The novelty of the contribution is in the context specific nature of the work.

The study will identify those important gender differences in relation to firm and owner characteristics, and also the credit behaviour. The “Gender-Responsive Economic Action for the Transformation of Women Project” would enable women to have better access to credit, technology, training, information, and market.

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The paper was previously circulated under the title “"Take care of home and family, honey, and let me take care of the money": Gender bias and credit market barriers for female entrepreneurs.” The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the ECB or the Eurosystem.

The distributive effects of financial governance and policy, for example, have a gender bias that on average place women at a disadvantage. Similarly, the gendered consequence of financial crisis is significant, with women bearing the brunt of cuts in public spending, being the most likely to be employed in precarious and part-time work while.

Some early post-independence citizenship laws did not restrict women from transmitting citizenship, as was the case in Chad, which changed gendered discriminatory laws during the period –, and Côte d’Ivoire, whose laws did not discriminate on the basis of gender when they were first adopted in (Manby,p.

98). A content analysis of individual annual performance reviews shows that women were times more likely to receive critical subjective feedback (as opposed to.

The actual situation, as indicated by the limited data available, is much more complex than the Cornell research suggests.

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Poverty appears to have worsened in some adjusting economies in Africa while improving in others; income distribution has also become more unequal in most countries for which data are available ().Poverty remains a very serious problem in most adjusting countries, and a.

The recommendations for the way forward cover three main approaches: (a) to promote a greater involvement of interest groups, including the private sector, to replace the shrinking role of the public sector; (b) to better understand the socio-economic and socio-cultural constraints affecting the adoption of fish farming; and (c) to increase subregional and regional networking.

Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper studies the effects of gender interactions on the supply of and demand for credit using data from a large Albanian lender. We document that first-time borrowers assigned to officers of the opposite sex are less likely to return for a second loan.

The effect is larger when officers have little prior exposure to borrowers of the other gender and when. The presence of gender discrimination in the credit market also has significant implications in terms of women’s socio-economic welfare.

Gender discrimination in the credit market not only limits women’s access to consumption goods such as housing, but also affects their labor market outcomes negatively. For example, lack of credit may. China's bond market is destined to play an increasingly important role, both at home and abroad.

And the inclusion of the country's bonds in global indexes will be a milestone for its financial market integration, bringing big opportunities as well as challenges for policymakers and investors alike. This calls for a good understanding of China's bond market structure, its unique.

Gender inequality both leads to and is a result of food insecurity. According to estimates women and girls make up 60% of the world's chronically hungry and little progress has been made in ensuring the equal right to food for women enshrined in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

Women face discrimination both in education and employment. "Policy-oriented analysis of poverty and the social dimensions of structural adjustment: a methodology and proposed application to Cote d'Ivoire, " Social dimensions of adjustment (SDA) in sub - Saharan Africa, no.

1 ().The country’s crony-capitalist system is being shaken by its own contradictions, even more profoundly than in the darkest days: before Rhodesian colonisers finally gave up power inwhen the Third World debt crisis hit hard inwhen deindustrialisation began with a “homegrown” (i.e.

World Bank-transmitted) structural adjustment.This is a series of essays on gender and development, with emphasis on economic analysis. Topics include conceptual and methodological approaches, statistical accounting of women’s work, issues related to the family, the household and ‘caring labour’, poverty, employment and labour markets, structural adjustment policies and social change.